Indonesia, a country with its unique and diverse culture has attracts a lot of visitors from around the world. It is a perfect place to find many of the world’s most ancient wonders, from prehistoric heritage to living traditions, from sacred temples to remains of the palace.
One of the Indonesia’s most visited tourist attraction and a famous icon of Indonesia’s cultural heritage is Borobudur temple. It has been stand bravely in the land of Java long before the Angkor Wat in Cambodia or many great cathedrals in Europe were stand.
Called by UNESCO as the largest and the most luxurious stupa blocks in the world, this temple was visited by a lot of Buddhists pilgrims from India, Tibet, Cambodia, and China in the middle of the 9th century until the early of 11th century, they came to get enlightenment.
The wall of Borobudur decorated with 2672 relief panels and if the panels arranged in line, it will reach a length of 6 km, with 504 Buddha’s statues. It is absolutely deserved to be called as the largest and the most comprehensive ensemble of Buddhist reliefs in the world, what unsurpassed in artistic value.
Borobudur was built by King Samaratungga, one of king of the ancient Mataram kingdom, during the reign of Syailendra dynasty, between the 8th century until the 9th century. Based on Kayumwungan inscription, Hudaya Kandahjaya revealed that Borobudur is a place of worship that was completed on 26 May 824, with 75 years of development process under the leadership of Gunadarma.
Even though, there were no computers system or other advanced equipment such as cement or mortar, Gunadarma was able to implement the interlock system in the construction of the temple.
Total 60.000 meters cubic of andesite equal with 2.000.000 stones were carried from Elo river and Progo river, carved and assembled into a giant puzzle which cover a small hill to form Borobudur temple. It covers a tremendous area, measuring 123 x 123 meters. Imagine that the structure is like a set of giant interlocking Lego blocks held together without any glue.